The General Election Commissions (GEC) in Indonesia has already been assigned for the second wave regional election of the local government all over Indonesia on 15 February 2017. There are 10 Regencies and 1 city that will hold the regional election of 2017 in Papua. These places are Jayapura City, Jayapura Regency, Sarmi Regency, Yapen Regency, Dogiyai Regency, Intan Jaya Regency, Lanny Jaya Regency, Puncak Jaya Regency, Tolikara Regency, Nduga Regency, and Mappi Regency.
As a region with special autonomy, the regional election in Papua is special and different from other regions in Indonesia. One of the biggest difference is the candidacy requirements for the regional election in Papua. One of the most significant special requirement is that the incumbent must be an indigenous Papuan people. Interestingly, although the electoral vote in Papua is among the indigenous people only, the tension of the election is high and prone to violence.
“From the 11 Regencies and 1 City that will hold the regional election in Papua, all of them needs safe guarding. This means that the situation is still prone to conflicts. The mapping still shows that the regions are either conflict-prone of level 1, conflict-prone of level 2, or conflict-prone of special level,” said the Spokesman of the Police Chief of Papua, Senior Superintendent Patridge Renwarin, cited from Liputan6.
Areas which are prone to conflict-escalation 2 are prone to demonstrations, whether before the election or after the election. There are 5 Regencies and 1 City that are prone to escalation one, which are Jayapura City, Jayapura Regency, Sarmi Regency, Intan Jaya Regency, and Mappi Regency. Areas which are prone to escalation two are areas that are prone to violence. There are 2 Regencies that are prone to escalation two, which are Nduga and Dogiyai Regency, the escalation of violence and conflict in those areas can even be seen to escalate with high tension. Finally, areas that are prone to special escalations are prone to conflict with armed groups. There are four areas that are prone to special escalation, which are, Lanny Jaya, Puncak Jaya, Tolikara, and Yapen Regency.
“Since the start, indeed there are ripples and there will be resistance. Its already heating up from the beginning due to the disqualification of an incumbent by GEC. The incumbent was disqualified because they are not qualified and the distribution of support between two candidates is problematic because there is a dualism leadership in PKPI party,” said the Spokesman of the Chief of Police in Papua, Senior Superintendent Patridge Renwarin, as cited from wartakan.
To prevent the instability during the local government election in Papua, the police has already sent their personnel to the 11 Regencies and 1 City that will hold the regional election in Papua of 2017. They even cooperate with religious figures from the 11 Regencies and 1 City, so that they can help the police to diffuse the tension during the regional election in Papua to maintain the stability.