West Papua is blessed with fascinating nature and abundant natural resources. Whether the ones that come into sight as well as the astonishing hidden places. In addition, Papua is also the epicenter of marine biodiversity in the world, where endemic animals that could not be found anywhere else inhabit West Papua. West Papua is truly the heaven of highly diverse flora and fauna.
Therefore, on October 19, 2015, the West Papua province has declared itself as the world’s “first conservation province”. The declaration was signed by West Papua Governor, Abraham Octavianus Atururi, in Manokwari. Here are the reasons why West Papua is the heaven for flora and fauna:
The Magnificent Marine Life of West Papua
West Papua is famous for its marine life. It has some of the best diving spots in the world. One of those famous places to dive is Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat is the natural asset of West Papua where the corals are claimed to have represented 75 percent of corals in the world with more than 3,000 species of fish.
There are many great diving spots in Raja Ampat such as Cape Kri, Mike’s Point, Blue Magic, Mioskon, Mata Sandy, Chicken Reef, and so on. It is also the richest place for fish diversity such as Dolphins, Denise Pygmy seahorses, Acropora corals, bigger schools of fishes and larger predators such as Wobbegong sharks, Giant Manta Rays, large Barracuda, Big eye Trevallies, Green Turtles, Black Tips, White Tips and the occasional Grey Reef Sharks. West Papua is home to many splendid collections of sea life that needs to be preserved.
The Lorentz National Park in Fak Fak District, West Papua.
The Lorentz National Park was established in 1997. It is the largest natural park in South-East Asia and it is also the most ecologically diverse national parks within an area of 25,056 km2. On 1999, it was declared the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Some of the unique characters of Lorentz National Park is the glaciers on the Cartenz Pyramide and the lost river in the land of Baliem Valley.
There are about 34 vegetation in Lorentz National Park such as swamp forest, river banks, sago forests, peat forests, coral sand beaches, rain forest on the flat/slope land, rain forest on the hills, heath forest, montane forest, grassland, and lichens. In Lorenz National Park there are also 630 registered species of bird (95% of the total number of bird species in Papua) and 123 mammalian species.
The Endemic Animals that Exclusively Inhabit West Papua
There are many endemic animals that can only be found in West Papua, which was also protected by the customs and government. These endemic animals are:
1. Red Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea Rubra)
2. Speckled Carpetshark (Hemiscyllium Freycineti)
3. Golden –mantled Tree Kangaroo (Dendrolagus Pulcherrimus)
4. Nothern Cassowary (Casuarius Unappendiculatus)
5. Black-winged Lory (Eos cyanogenia)
6. Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise (Seleucidis Melanoleuca)
7. Dingiso (Dendrolagus Mbaiso)
The abundant diversity of flora and fauna in West Papua is a great natural resources that have been passed on to generations of Papua today. This amazing diversity needs to be preserved for the next generations to come.