This year has been a good year for villages in Papua. The government has increased the Village Fund allocation for Papua from 1,074 trillion IDR in 2016 and 449 billion IDR in 2015, to 1,364,412,395,000 IDR in 2017. Papua village fund 2017 has been planned to cover the growing number of villages in papua, caused by the division of newly autonomous areas in several regions such as South Manokwari Regency, Arfak Mountain Regency, Tambrauw Regency, and Maybrat Regency. In total, in Papua there are 1,743 villages in 12 Regencies.
The detail of village fund allocation in Papua is as follows: Fakfak 113,154,978 IDR; Kaimana 71,057,178,000 IDR, Manokwari 128,407,488,000 IDR; South Manokwari 47,764,559,000 IDR, Maybrat 198,228,472,000 IDR; Arfak Mountain 128,526,923,000 IDR, Raja Ampat 92,673,942,000 IDR, Sorong 172,569,955,000 IDR, South Sorong 94,628,802,000 IDR; Tambrauw 166,519,321,000 IDR, Teluk Bintuni 93,230,274,000 IDR and Teluk Wondama 61,650,303,000 IDR.
The disbursement of fund is also stricter in 2017. This is to ensure that the fund is used correctly and to minimize corruption that is rampant in rural areas. The village fund is disbursed directly from the central government to regency treasury. The disbursement is conducted through KPPN (State Treasury Service Office), only after all the administration requirements are completed. The provincial government will only receive report of village fund utilization and conduct accompaniment.
The village fund itself is a national program called Nawacita that has been carried out for around 2 years. The objective of this program is to develop rural areas and villages, regulated by Village Law (UU Desa) Number 6 of 2014. The total of villages supported by the village fund program is 74,910 villages spread around Indonesia. The amount of fund in each regency is different, in accordance with the number of villages. The village fund will then be used to finance village programs whether physical or non physical.
Besides corruption eradication, there should also be better planning in terms of village development. Many things should also be considered, such as the geographical location, socio-culture condition of the locals, and the priory necessities such as electricity, tourism development, fishery, agriculture and so on. The provincial government and the regency government will need to work hand in hand when planning and implementing, hence the objectives are met.
Long term plan should be met, but basic necessities and services should be provided first, such as medical, water provision and many others. hence, the long term plan would be implemented easier. These principals should also implemented in Papua. especially since Papua has many unique characteristics that are unlike any other regions in Indonesia. These should not be a problem but more of a challenge to the government. Now, Papua is slowly experiencing development and progress like any other regions in Indonesia, if not more.